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ILO/Regional Skills Programme/Japan Regional Workshop and Study Programme on Anticipating Skills Demands for Sustainable and Inclusive Growth

The ILO and its Regional Skills Programme (RSP), in collaboration with the Government of Japan and the Japan Vocational Ability Development Associate (JAVADA), is organizing this Workshop which will be held in Sendai, Japan during 27 February to 1 March 2012. This Workshop is designed to provide opportunities for participating countries to improve knowledge on the analysis of future skills needs, on research methods and conducive institutional frameworks; develop proposals for how to build a system for early identification of skills needs to meet future skills needs; discuss how to ensure effective communication and collaboration between government, employers and workers, training experts, education and training providers, labour market information systems and employment services to make use of skills data, including for effective vocational guidance of jobseekers. This will enable the participating member countries to improve national skills data and Labour Market Information (LMI) which can guide policy makers in deciding on how to invest their limited resources.

What
  • Workshop
When Feb 27, 2012 08:30 AM to
Mar 01, 2012 01:00 PM
Where Sendai, Japan
Contact Name
Contact Phone +91 11 2460 2101
Attendees Similar to last year’s Programme, tripartite delegations from Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR and Viet Nam will be invited. Participants should be senior level staff of the Ministry/agencies/organizations, who are involved in promoting and implementing public private partnerships in the above four sub-themes with a view to addressing skills mismatch. Participation of women in the meeting is strongly encouraged.
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Approach

Robust training policies and systems are ground in the characteristics and institutions of each country.  Nevertheless, a number of common building blocks can be identified.  A good skills development system will be able to: anticipate skills needs; engage employers and workers in training, including the specific sectors; maintenance of quality and relevance of training; making training accessible to all sections of society; ensure viable and equitable financing mechanisms; and continuously evaluate the economic and social outcomes of training.  To keep training relevant, institutional and financial arrangements must build solid bridges between the world of learning and the world of work.  Bringing together business and labour, government and training providers, at the local, industry, sectoral and national levels, is an effective means of securing the relevance of training to the changing needs of enterprises and labour markets.

A number of methods are used to forecast future skills needs.  These include forecasting occupational and skills profiles at various levels of disaggregation; social dialogue; labour market information system (LMIS); and analysis of the performance of training institutions, including tracer studies.

Experience from various countries continues to provide important lessons on the limits of skills forecasting: crucially, that it is equally important to focus on providing adaptable core, transversal skills and building the capacity to learn than on planning training to meet detailed forecasts of technical skills requirements, because these may change before curricula and institutions can adjust.  Shorter training courses delivered by responsive training institutions, which build on solid general technical and core skills, can minimize time lags between the emergence of skill needs and the provision of appropriate training.  Quantitative analysis based on LMI is important but needs to be complemented by additional qualitative information, especially from employers and workers.

The regional activity of 2010 Programme entitled “Addressing Skills Mismatch through PPP” has clearly indicated that a strong partnership between government, employers and workers is an essential feature of an effective and enduring bond between the world of learning and the world of work.  In the 2010 regional workshop, the Japanese experts presented the institutional structures and incentives that are in place in Japan to engage social partners in skills development as training are client-based, order-made and demand-driven.  And from the 2010 regional activity, the participating members understood, even more, the essence of having feedback mechanism between the government and the private sector for successful skills development.  The findings of the 2010 regional activity included an expression of a strong interest, by the participating countries, on LMIS (Labour Market Information System).  It has been agreed that the lack of LMI (and skills data) is one of the reasons behind the skills mismatch (existence of both large number of vacancies and high unemployment) and a major constraint for policy making.  The forecasting of skills supply and demand is a complex process which requires understanding of the link between occupations, qualification and skills and requires aggregation of enterprise and training institution data at the national level that accounts for regional variations.

In light of the above, the 2011 Programme is designed to respond to the need of member States in anticipating skills demands for sustainable and inclusive growth coupled with national follow-up activities to the 2010 Programme on addressing skills mismatch through PPP and Skills Anticipation.

Under the ILO Regional Skills Programme (RSP), the ILO has developed the Regional Skills Network (RSN) to support and facilitate better cooperation and services to and between member States on skills development issues. ILO research and technical cooperation projects, carried out globally, also assist member States in responding to the skills challenge. 

 

Objectives of the workshop

This workshop is designed to provide opportunities for participating countries to improve knowledge on the analysis of future skill needs; develop proposals for how to meet future skill needs; identify the key elements to be included in a generic skills portfolio for the future; and learn how to provide advice on how to improve jobseekers’ awareness of sectors where there is demand for skills and of the qualifications required.  This will enable the participating member countries to have adequate national skills data and LMI which can guide policy makers in deciding on how to invest their limited resources. 

 

By the end of the Workshop, the participants are expected to have deepened knowledge of:

* learn about the experiences in the LMI institutional building from the ILO and the Government of Japan’s technical experts;

* learn about how to use LMI findings in National Skills Planning;develop a national strategy to strengthen LMIS;

* establish mechanisms to disseminate information on LMIS amongst the social partners;

* make synergies with and maximize existing ILO’s programmes on skills development and employability, for instance, making linkages to the ILO Korea Partnership programme TVET study findings and the ILO’s CoP;

* receive information on a handbook that was developed during the 2010 Programme called “Handbook for Training and Skills Needs Assessment and Guidance Note for Policy Makers”;

* learn about national, regional, local, sectoral, institutional and enterprise levels linkages and roles in skills needs assessment and anticipation planning;

* find practical ways of identifying future skills demands;

* learn about Japan’s experiences and lessons learnt on LMIS and Skills Anticipation;

* identify skills needs for green jobs; and

* share country specific examples and experiences concerning LMIS and Skills Anticipation.

The RSP will continue to support cross-country and inter-institutional learning and facilitate partnership between industries and technical and vocational education and training (TVET) institutions, improve the quality of skills development strategies and systems, and thereby enabling the participating member countries to better anticipate skills demands especially in the context of sustainable and inclusive growth.

 

Workshop structure and methodology

The workshop will consist of a number of technical sessions, panel discussions, including country presentations, and technical working group sessions.  After an overview of the challenge of skills mismatch, the workshop sessions will be organized under four sub-themes, namely: 

* conceptual overview on the role of and different approaches to identifying and anticipating skills needs and related LMI;

* technical details on models and methodologies for identification and anticipation of skill needs and related LMIS;

* effective institutional arrangements for skills anticipation involving partnerships between employers, workers and government; and

* how data can be used to improve policy and planning.

 

The study programme will include field visits to learn more about ‘anticipating skills demands’ in Japan. 

 


 

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